EFFECT OF ADSORPTION CONDITIONS ON THE REMOVAL OF LEAD (II) USING SEWAGE SLUDGE AS ADSORBENT MATERIAL
Keywords:lead(II), sewage sludge, adsorption, adsorption conditions, removal efficiency
The introduction of more stringent legislation limiting the disposal and use of sewage sludge, combined with an increase in its production and the loss of previously recognized disposal routes, has sparked a search for alternate applications for sewage sludge. The conversion of sludge into adsorbents is one of the promising technologies give a more stable treatment of sludge. In a batch mode adsorption, adsorbent created by recycling sewage sludge was employed as a sustainable and low-cost material to remove pb (II) ions from manufactured polluted aqueous solutions. A laboratory test was done to determine the influence of a variety of operational parameters on Pb (II) adsorption, including the acidic function (pH), absorbent dosage, agitation speed, agitation period, and initial concentration at room temperature. The maximum removal efficiency was 88.2 % at optimum factors pH=4, agitation time =250 rpm, agitation time=180 min, adsorbent dose=1.5 g and initial concentration=50 (mg/l). In this way sewage sludge, which pollutes the environment and is costly to treat, may be disposed of in a useful and economic way to achieve the lowest pb (II) concentration level.
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