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Author Guidelines


Authors should submit their manuscripts electronically through the Journal website submission system to the editorial team. JEASD Website:          


Manuscripts must be submitted only in English. Manuscripts should be written according to sound grammar and proper terminology. Manuscript submission must be applied once in order to obtain only one submission ID number. More than one submission for a single manuscript can lose the chance of manuscript consideration. The manuscript must be accompanied by a Title Page including the title and author(s) name and their affiliation. The author(s) must use the journal's template, provided in this paragraph, to prepare and present the manuscript. The template form can be downloaded from the following links:

                                         English Template       

 1-1: English Language Writing

All publications in the JEASD are in the English language. Authors whose first language is not English should make sure their manuscript is written in idiomatic English before submission. Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). No language and copy-editing services are provided by the JEASD; hence, authors who feel their manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors are encouraged to obtain such services prior to submission. Authors are responsible for all costs associated with such services. 

 1-2: New Submissions

Submission to JEASD journal proceeds totally online and authors will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the manuscript files. As part of the manuscript, authors may choose to submit the manuscript as a single file to be used in the refereeing process. This can be a Word document (*.docx), that can be used by referees to evaluate the manuscript. All figures and tables are encouraged to be embedded and included in the main manuscript file.


1-3: References

References list must be provided according to the format of the JEASD reference in a consistent style. Where applicable, author(s) name(s), article title, year of publication, journal abbreviation, article/chapter/book title, volume/issue number, and the pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. The author(s) are advised to use the following link to match references to DOIs using Crossref Metadata search:

 1-4: Formatting requirements

All manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to convey your manuscript, for example, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgement, Conflict of Interest, and References. Please ensure all figures and tables should be embedded and included in the main manuscript file. To avoid unnecessary errors the authors are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' for the submitted manuscript.

 1-5: Manuscript Submission and Declaration

While submitting a manuscript to JEASD, all contributing author(s) must verify that the manuscript represents authentic and valid work and that neither this manuscript nor one with significantly similar content under their authorship has been published or is being considered for publication elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English. All authors have agreed to allow the corresponding author to serve as the primary correspondent with the editorial office, to review the edited manuscript and proof.

 1-6: Manuscript Submission and Verification

Manuscripts are assumed not to be published previously in print or electronic versions and are not under consideration by another publication. Copies of related or possibly duplicated materials (including those containing significantly similar content or using the same data) that have been published previously or are under consideration for another publication must be provided at the time of online submission.


Manuscript literature and tenses must be structured as Title; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Materials and Methods; Results and Discussion; Conclusion; Acknowledgements and References submitted in a file with limited size.

 2-1: Title Page

The first page of the manuscript includes the title (UPPERCASE) of the article. The title should be limited to 15 words or less and should not contain abbreviations, followed by one-line space and the names of all authors (no degrees) and their affiliations for correspondence, including the e-mail address of the corresponding author. The first letter of each name and main word should be capitalized. The title, author's name, and affiliation should be centered on the width of the typing area.

 2-2: Manuscript Title

The title of up to 15 words should not contain the name of locations, countries, or cities of the research as well as abbreviations. Avoid complicated and technical expressions and do not use vague expressions.

2-3: Abstract

An abstract of 150 to 200 words that sketches the purpose of the study; basic procedures; main findings; novelty; discussions and principal conclusions, should not contain any undefined abbreviations or references.

2-4: Keywords

Provide 4 to 8 keywords that can be used for indexing purposes. Keywords should not repeat the words of the manuscript title or contain abbreviations and shall be written in alphabetical order and separated by semicolons. Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter throughout the text.

2-5: Introduction

Describe briefly the background of the investigation with updated information, and state the aim of the study.

2-6: Materials and Methods

Provide sufficient details to enable the experiments to be reproduced. Support the techniques and methods used with references. Metric and standard international units should be used in this section and throughout the manuscript. Specify the computer software used for statistical analysis and define statistical terms, abbreviations, and symbols applied.

2-7: Results

Present the results and their significance clearly. Graphs and tables should be self-explanatory. Do not repeat in figures or in the text the data presented in tables. Tables and figures should be numbered in the order of their mention in the text.

2-8: Discussion

Deal with critical review and interpretations of the results, and is supported by relevant updated references. Repetition of data should be avoided. It should end with brief conclusions. In Short Communications, Results and Discussion may be combined.

2-9: Conclusion

This section should highlight the major, firm discoveries and state the added value of the main finding, without literature references.

 2-10: Acknowledgements

Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full. Financial support affiliation of the study, if exists, must be mentioned in this section. Thereby, the Grant number of financial support must be included.

 2-11: Conflict of Interest

A conflict of interest statement must be placed in the manuscript as below: "The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this manuscript".

2-12: References

References to literature should be numbered [in square brackets] consecutively in the text in the order in which they are first mentioned, and listed at the end of the manuscript. Titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the List of JEASD referencing style shown in the examples below. 

It is strictly required to use reference manager software to write your references. Please use EndNote, Mendeley, or any other software.

Personal communications or unpublished data should be mentioned in the text, but not included in the list of references. We usually expect a minimum of 20 to 30 references primarily to journal papers, depending on the length of the paper.  The majority of the cited references should be recent articles published within the last five years. ¨Citations of textbooks should be used very rarely and citations to web pages should be avoided. ¨All cited papers should be referenced within the text of the manuscript.

The DOIs for the cited references are strictly required to include, excluding references that do not own DOIs such as dissertations, books, reports, etc. A DOI will help your reader easily locate a document from your citation. It will always refer to that article, and only that one. While a web address (URL) might change, the DOI will never change.

To get the DOI of a reference the following search page can be utilized:

¨Each citation should be written in the order of appearance in the text in square brackets. For example, the first citation [1], the second citation [2], and the third and fourth citations [3, 4].

¨When citing multiple sources at once, the preferred method is to list each number separately, in its own brackets, using a comma or dash between numbers, as such: [1], [3], [5], or [4-8].


2-13: Examples of References

- Journal article: 

1.  Al-Moameri, H.H., Hassan, G., and Abdulrehman, M.A., (2020). Predicting The Composition Of Qurna Crude Oil Fraction By Ternary Composition Diagram. Methods and Objects of Chemical Analysis. Vol. 15, Issue 1, pp. 33–39.

2. Kolodziej, P., Macosko, C.W., and Ranz, W.E., (1982). The influence of impingement mixing on striation thickness distribution and properties in fast polyurethane polymerization. Polymer Engineering & Science. Vol. 22, Issue 6, pp. 388-392. DOI: 10.1002/pen.760220611.

-Conference article:

3. Al-Moameri, H.H., Hassan, G.S., and Jaber, B.N.(2019). Simulation Physical and Chemical Blowing Agents for Polyurethane Foam Production. in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering - 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Engineering Techniques, ICSET 2019. Baghdad, Iraq: Institute of Physics Publishing.

- Book: 

4. Ashida, K., (2006). Polyurethane and Related Foams: Chemistry and Technology. 1st ed. 2006, New York: CRC Press. 154B. ISBN: 9780203505991.

- Chapter in a book: 

5. Schnohr, C.S. and Ridgway, M.C., (2015). Introduction to X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy, in X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy of Semiconductors, C.S. Schnohr and M.C. Ridgway, Editors, Springer Berlin Heidelberg: Berlin, Heidelberg. p. 1-26.

- Ph.D. Dissertation:

6. Al-Ghalib, A. (2013). Damage and Repair Identification in RC Beams Modelled with Various Damage Scenarios Using Vibration Data [Ph.D. dissertation]. Nottingham Trent University: Nottingham, UK. DOI: XX.100/5689-333-123456.

- Master's Thesis: 

7. Faris, G.H. (2017). Advanced Simulation of Thermoset Reaction and Catalyst Performance. Thesis, Chemical Engineering Department, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq.

- Journal article on the Internet:

8. “AlphaCom Communications introduces VMSK technology,” The Business Journal Online, May, 2000. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: May 2, 2000].

- Internet Webpage: 

9. Mehra, A. (2020). Polyurethane Foam Market worth $61.5 billion. [cited 2022; 1st:[Available from:

- Standards:

10. ASTM D4533-91. (1996). Standard Test Method for Trapezoid Tearing Strength of Geotextiles. International, A., West Conshohocken, PA, USA.

2-14: Tables

Do not submit tables and graphs as photographs (submit tables as editable text and not as images). Tables should be set within the text. Use the table function, not spreadsheets, to make tables.

Tables should be set within the text and should have a clear and rational structure along with consecutive numerical order. All tables should be numbered (1, 2, 3, etc.). Give enough information in subtitles so that each table is understandable without reference to the text (in Text wrapping, choose ‘Around’ then positioning;  unclick the check box move with text).

For each table, please supply a table caption (title) explaining the components of the table. Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption. Tables should be with the captions placed above in limited numbers. Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.

 4-15: Figures

Figures/ illustrations should be in high-quality artwork, within 200-300 dpi. Ensure that figures are clear, labeled, and of a size that can be reproduced legibly in the journal. Figures should be set within the text; the image must not float when it should be in line with the text. The following remarks should be applied to the figures:

- Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts. Include the captions in the text of the manuscript.

- Figure captions begin with the term Figures. Figures should be with the captions placed below in limited numbers.

- No punctuation is to be placed at the end of the caption. 

- Identify all elements found in the figure in the figure caption; and use boxes, circles, etc., as coordinate points in graphs.

- Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption.

4.16: Equations

Use the equation editor or MathType for equations.

Review articles

That is a type of professional paper that requires a high level of in-depth analysis and a well-structured presentation of arguments. It is a critical, constructive evaluation of literature in a particular field through summary, classification, analysis, and comparison. The analysis, evaluation, and comparison require the use of theories, ideas, and research, relevant to the subject area of the article. In case a review article does not introduce new information, it should instead present a response to other writers’ works.

Authors of review articles have to use database searches to describe the research. The primary goal is to summarize everything and present a clear understanding of the topic. For this type of research, Jeasd expects a minimum of 60 references primarily to journal papers, 50% of these references belong to the last five years, depending on the length of the paper.

Copyright Notice

JEASD is an open-access journal where all contents are free of charge. Articles of this journal are licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution International Public License CC BY 4.0 ( that licensees are unrestrictedly allowed to search, download, share, distribute, print, or link to the full texts of the articles, crawl them for indexing and reproduce any medium of the articles provided that they give the author(s) proper credits (citation). The authors hold the copyright for their published work on the JEASD website, while JEASD is responsible for appreciating citations for their work, which is released under CC-BY-4.0 enabling the unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction of an article in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.

Author Contribution Statement

The Author Contributions section should specify the exact contributions of each author in a narrative form. For instance:

Authors A.B. and C.D.: proposed the research problem.

Author A.B.: developed the theory and performed the computations.

Author C.D.: verified the analytical methods and investigated [a specific aspect] and supervised the findings of this work.

Both authors discussed the results and contributed to the final manuscript.

Submission Preparation Checklist

All submissions must meet the following requirements.

  • Author(s) must agree to abide by the guidelines and conditions of this journal.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • All authors have agreed to allow the corresponding author to correspond with the editorial office to review the edited manuscript and proof.
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word (2013 or more) document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • Author(s) must use the journal's template, provided on the Guide for authors page, to prepare and present the manuscript. The template form can be downloaded from the Guide for authors page. All illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Guide for authors.


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