ASSESSMENT OF SIGNALIZED INTERSECTION: A CASE STUDY IN BAGHDAD City by USING SIDRA SOFTWARE

Authors

  • Ghufraan Mohammed Aboud Highway and Transportation Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiriayah University, Baghdad, Iraq Author https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2400-3030
  • Teba Tariq Khaled Highway and Transportation Department ,College of Engineering, Mustansiriayah University ,Baghdad, Iraq Author
  • Estabraq Nashat Ezzat Highway and Transportation Department ,College of Engineering, Mustansiriayah University ,Baghdad, Iraq Author https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1173-9789
  • Hisham Jashami Civil and Construction Department ,College of Engineering, Oregon State University ,Oregon, USA Author https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5511-7543
  • Zinah Ahmed Shukri Highway and Transportation Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.28.2.3

Keywords:

Delay, SIDRA, level of service, signalized intersection, sustainable urban transportation

Abstract

Over the world, signalized intersections and road networks with heavy traffic have posed severe issues. So, it is crucial to employ cutting-edge software tools to ensure the current system can be managed and assessed. Therefore; this paper aims to analyze and evaluate the traffic flow performance at AL-Masbah signalized intersections in Baghdad city during peak hours by utilizing SIDRA INTERSECTION 5. For purposes of evaluation, the Level of Service LOS, average delay time, capacity, degree of saturation, queue for Intersection, fuel consumption, and carbon dioxide emission have been considered. In this study, video count was used to collect data. The main input data included peak hour factor (PHF), numbers and width of lanes, percent of heavy vehicles for each direction and movement, median, phasing, and timing. The results of the analysis indicated that the intersection is operated at LOS ( F) with a backlog queue of 166.1 which is the queue for any lane used by movement (vehicles)and a 1262m queue for any lane used by movement (meters) m, while fuel consumption was at a rate of 849.9 liters per hour. Furthermore, the results revealed that carbon dioxide (CO2) emission was increased by 2124.8 Kg per hour. So, It can be concluded that the intersection needs to improve its level of service by changing its geometry or by implementing an Intelligent Transportation System (ITS).

References

Das, S., Tamakloe, R., Zubaidi, H., Obaid, I. and Alnedawi, A., (2021). Fatal pedestrian crashes at intersections: Trend mining using association rules. Accident Analysis & Prevention.Vol. 160, pp.106306. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2021.106306

Al-Nuaimi, A., & Jameel, A. K. (2023). An impact of traffic characteristics on crash frequency. In E3S Web of Conferences (Vol. 427, p. 03040). EDP Sciences.

https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202342703040.

Jameel, A. K. (2011). Estimating delay time at Palestine street intersections in Baghdad City using HCM AND SIDRA models. Al-Qadisiyah Journal for Engineering Sciences, Vol. 4, Issue 1, 613-633.

Rosni, N. F. N., Danial, N. ‘Ain D., Rosli, S. A. A. and Sanik, M. E., (2023) Performance Analysis of Intersections along Jalan Abdul Rahman using Sidra Intersection 8.0. Multidisciplinary Applied Research and Innovation.Vol.4, Issue 2, pp. 92–103. https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/periodicals/index.php/mari/article/view/8409#:~:text=https%3A//publisher.uthm.edu.my/periodicals/index.php/mari/article/view/8409

Aboud, G. M., Abdulwahab, A. M., Banyhussan, Q. S., & Zubaidi, H. A., (2019). A Case Study on Roundabout under Congestion: Proposal to Improve Current Traffic Operation. Civil Engineering Journal.Vol.5, Issue9, pp. 2029-2040.‏ https://doi.org/10.28991/cej-2019-03091391

Ranjitkar, P., Shahin, A., and Shirwali, F., (2014). Evaluating the operational performance of intersections using SIDRA. The Open Transportation Journal.Vol. 8,Issue1, pp. 50 - 61 http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1874447801408010050

Qasim, G. J., Jameel, A. K., Abdulwahab, A. M., & Rajaa, A. S. (2020). Estimating a congested road capacity–headway relationship of a multi-lane highway in an urban area based on lane position. Periodicals of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Vol. 8, Issue. 3, 1263-1279. http://dx.doi.org/10.21533/pen.v8i3.1449

Abdullah M., M., & Asmael M., N. (2023). Analytic Hierarchy Process For Evaluation Of Transportation Alternatives on the Karkh side of Baghdad. Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Vol. 27, Issue 6, 771–782. https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.27.6.8

Alattar E. F.,., alAaissi Z.A., ., & J. Kadem, A. (2021). Travel Time Reliability Indices For Urban Routes In Baghdad City. Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Vol. 25, Issue 5, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.25.5.1

Shaaban, K., Abou-Senna, H., Elnashar, D., and Radwan, E., (2019). Assessing the impact of converting roundabouts to traffic signals on vehicle emissions along an urban arterial corridor in Qatar. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association.Vol. 69, Issue 2, pp. 178-191. https://doi.org/10.1080/10962247.2018.1526137

‏Mustafa, M., Noor, N.A.M. (2022). Evaluating the Impact of Junction Type on Emissions Level. In: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Sustainable Civil Engineering Structures and Construction Materials, SCESCM 2020. Lecture Notes in Civil EngineeringSpringer, Singapore.p.1531-1545 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-7924-7_100

Adeleke, O. O., Oguntayo, D. O., Ayobami, I. T., & Ogunkunbi, G. A., (2023). Improving Traffic Flow in Emerging Cities: A SIDRA Intersection Based Traffic Signal Design. Periodica Polytechnica Transportation Engineering.Vol. 51, Issue 2, pp. 166-171.‏ https://doi.org/10.3311/PPtr.18018

Joni H. H. and Mohammed A.A.,(2016). Using aaSIDRA Software for Traffic Flow to Evaluation Analysis Pubic Transportation Iraq, IJIRCT, Vol. 2, Issue 2.

Omar D.H. and Hussein S. K., (2022). Optimization of Delay at Isolated Signalized Intersection Using HCS 2010 and SIDRA Intersection 8 Software: A Case Study. IRECE, Vol. 13, No.6.

Ahmida W., Mohamed A., Fadiel A. and Abu-Lebdeh T., (2023). Performance Evaluation and Improvement of Main Road Intersections in Al-Bayda City Using Sidra Software. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 16 (1), pp 23-28.

Zubaidi H. A., Anderson J. C. , and Hernandez S., (2020). Understanding roundabout safety through the application of advanced econometric techniques. International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology, Vol. 9, pp 309–321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijtst.2020.03.001

Shokat, D. M., & Jameel, A. K. (2023). Identifying the crashworthiness and crash avoidance factors based on road features. In E3S Web of Conferences (Vol. 427, p. 03010). EDP Sciences.

Jameel, A., & Evdorides, H. T. . (2023). Review Of Modifying The Indicators Of Road Safety System. Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development. Vol.27, Issue 2, 149–170. https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.27.2.1

Jameel, A. K., & Evdorides, H. (2018). Assessment of safer road user behaviour. WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, 217, 755-767.

Aboud G. M. , Abdulwahab M. A., Banyhussan Q. S. and Zubaidi H. A., (2019). A Case Study on Roundabout under Congestion: Proposal to Improve Current Traffic Operation. Civil Engineering Journal Vol. 5, No. 9. http://dx.doi.org/10.28991/cej-2019-03091391

Hussein, A. A.., & Asmael, N. M.. (2021). GIS-Based Analysis Accessibility To Destinations Based On Public Transport. Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development. Vol. 25, Issue 5, 15–25. https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.25.5.2

Makino, H., Tamada, K., Sakai, K., & Kamijo, S., (2018). Solutions for urban traffic issues by ITS technologies. IATSS research.Vol. 42, Issue 2, pp.49-60.‏ https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iatssr.2018.05.003

Fatmawat, Mohamad. I. M., (2021). Evaluasi Kinerja Simpang Empat Bersinyal Dengan Metode MKJI dan Sidra Intersection. Borneo Engineering: Jurnal Teknik Sipil, Vol. 5, Issue1, pp.24-39. https://doi.org/10.35334/be.v5i1.1681

Aramice, G.A., Miry, A. H.., & Salman, T. M M. (2023). Vehicle Black Box Implementation For Internet Of Vehicles Based Long Range Technology. Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development. Vol. 27, Issue 2, 245–255. https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.27.2.8

Hadboul, R. M.., & Ali, A. M.. (2021). Performance Evaluation Of Three-Phase Induction Motor Driving An Electric Vehicle Under Different Road Conditions. Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development. Vol. 25, Issue 6, 12–19. https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.25.6.2

Gregor Alexander Aramice, Abbas H. Miry, & M. Salman, T. . (2023). Optimal Long-Range-Wide-Area-Network Parameters Configuration For Internet Of Vehicles Applications In Suburban Environments. Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development. Vol. 27, Issue 6, 754–770. https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.27.6.7

Akçelik, R., Besley, M. and Roper, R.,(1999).Fundamental Relationships for Traffic Flows at Signalized Intersections, ARRB Transport Research Ltd., Research Report No. 340, 268 p., ISBN 0869107968 http://worldcat.org/isbn/0869107968

.Akcelik, R., (1997). Lane-by-lane modelling of unequal lane use and flares at roundabouts and signalised intersections: the SIDRA solution. Traffic Engineering+ Control. Vol.38, Issue7, pp.388-99.‏

Manual, H. C. (2000). Highway capacity manual. Washington, DC, 2(1).

Downloads

Published

2024-03-01

How to Cite

ASSESSMENT OF SIGNALIZED INTERSECTION: A CASE STUDY IN BAGHDAD City by USING SIDRA SOFTWARE. (2024). Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development, 28(02), 178-189. https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.28.2.3