ENVIRONMENTAL SIGNIFICANCE OF FOULING ON THE CRUDE OIL FLOW. A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW

Fouling on The Crude Oil Flow

Authors

  • Zaid A. Abdulhussein Department of Environmental Engineering, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq Author
  • Zainab Al-sharify School of Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK Author
  • Mohammed Alzuraiji Cheif Engineer, Marketing research SOMO, Baghdad, Iraq Author
  • Helen Onyeaka School of Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.27.3.3

Keywords:

Fouling, crude oil, Fluid flow, environmental pollution, sustainability

Abstract

Investigating important challenges to eliminate crude oil fouling in pipelines needs to be studied thoroughly. According to environmental and economic issues, fouling in pipelines increases the price of crude oil. According to chemical and environmental experts, the loss in heat required additional energy to compensate which meant higher fuel consumption and more carbon emissions into the atmosphere.  The increase in fluid flow rate combined with a constant drop in pressure is dangerous for pipelines. In addition, the Iraqi crude oils block refinery preheat trains because they contain very little asphaltene. The fouling of a variety of these crude oils and their blends is examined in this paper. Fouling may be caused by four major processes: solid particles, corrosion, sedimentation, and chemical reaction.

Author Biographies

  • Zaid A. Abdulhussein , Department of Environmental Engineering, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq

     

     

     

     

  • Zainab Al-sharify, School of Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK

     

     

  • Mohammed Alzuraiji , Cheif Engineer, Marketing research SOMO, Baghdad, Iraq

     

     

  • Helen Onyeaka , School of Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom

     

     

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2023-05-01

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ENVIRONMENTAL SIGNIFICANCE OF FOULING ON THE CRUDE OIL FLOW. A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW : Fouling on The Crude Oil Flow. (2023). Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development, 27(3), 317-338. https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.27.3.3

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