Response Surface Methodology


  • Hiba Zaid Chemical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Diwaniya, Iraq
  • Zainab Al-sharify Chemical Engineering Department, Birmingham University, Birmingham, UK https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3870-3815
  • Muhammad Hazwan Hamzah Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7684-0370
  • Salih Rushdi Chemical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Diwaniya, Iraq.




Response surface methodology, optimization, extraction, microwave, olive oil, palm oil


Several chemical and biological processes have been investigated and predicted using Response Surface Methodology (RSM) models. Response Surfaces Methodology is a useful instrument for designing laboratory-scale experiments that optimize and support the research outcomes with statistical analysis. It is a powerful statistical technique for complex variable study systems. The standard optimization (one component at a time) strategy is well-studied. However, it has significant drawbacks, such as requiring more experimental runs and time and failing to reveal the synergistic impact of processing parameters. It is a valuable instrument for process improvement. Recent research has shown, for instance, that RSM successfully optimizes biodiesel in fats and oils generated from diverse feedstocks. According to this study, Response Surface Methodology is the best cost-effective technique for maximizing environmentally friendly and sustainable methods applied to different experimental procedures. The current review reported RSM's application, theory, methodology, advantages, and limitations for different processes using different oil sources.

Author Biographies

Hiba Zaid, Chemical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Diwaniya, Iraq

Master student, Chemical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Diwaniya, Iraq

Muhammad Hazwan Hamzah, Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Associated Professor, Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Smart Farming Technology Research Centre, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Salih Rushdi, Chemical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Diwaniya, Iraq.

Professor, Chemical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Diwaniya, Iraq.


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How to Cite

Zaid, H., Al-sharify, Z., Hamzah, M. H., & Rushdi, S. . (2022). OPTIMIZATION OF DIFFERENT CHEMICAL PROCESSES USING RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY- A REVIEW: Response Surface Methodology . Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development, 26(6), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.26.6.1