CHARACTERIZATION OF SAGO PALM-CARBON FIBRE REINFORCED EPOXY HYBRID COMPOSITES
Keywords:Sago palm fiber, carbon fiber, hybrid composites, mechanical properties
Natural fibers are potential alternatives to synthetic fibers. Sago palm is a new type of natural fiber and has the potential same as other existing natural fibers. In this study, the mechanical properties of sago palm/carbon fiber reinforced with epoxy hybrids were studied. Impact tests were conducted to study the impact properties of sago palm-carbon fiber-reinforced X hybrid composites. The hybrid composites contain woven sago palm fiber and carbon fiber reinforced with epoxy resin produced by the vacuum compaction method. Each sample was prepared with different volume fractions such as 40%, 64%, and 91% of composition sago palm fiber. After the preparation of composite material, mechanical properties tests were studied on the prepared sample. In addition, by using Scanning Electron Microscope Tests, the failure mode is investigated. It can be concluded that 40% of sago palm fiber contains the best impact behavior compared to 64% and 91% of sago palm fiber loading because it’s high in impact resistance.
Faruk, O., Bledzki, A. K., Fink, H. P., and Sain, M. (2012). "Biocomposites reinforced with natural fibers: 2000–2010," Progress in Polymer Science 37(11), 1552-1596. DOI: 10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2012.04.003
Salman, S.D." Partial replacement of synthetic fibres by natural fibres in hybrid composites and its effect on monotonic properties" Journal of Industrial Textiles this link is disabled, 2021, 51(2), pp. 258–276.
Gyanaranjan M., Chaitanya P.B., (2009) “Characterization of Hybrid FRP Composites with Hygrothermal Exposure under Varied Ambient Conditions”. National Institute of Technology Rourkela pp. 20-21 Retriveed from: http://ethesis.nitrkl.ac.in/175/1/GYANA
Haruna V.N., Abdulrahman A.S., Zubairu P.T., Isezuo L.O., Abdulrahman M.A., Onuoha D.C., (2014) “Prospects And Challenges Of Composites In A Developing Country”, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 9 (7), 1819-6608
Salman, S.D. "Effects of jute fibre content on the mechanical and dynamic mechanical properties of the composites in structural applications" Defence Technology this link is disabled, 2020, 16(6), pp. 1098–1105.
Salman, S.D."The influence of kenaf contents and stacking sequence on drop-weight impact properties of hybrid laminated composites reinforced polyvinyl butyral composites" 2020, Journal of Industrial Textiles.
Introduction of Fibre-Reinforced Polymers − Polymers and Composites: Concepts, Properties, and Processes (2013) Retrieved from http://cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs-wm/41941.
Sgriccia, N., Hawley, M. C., and Misra, M. (2008). "Characterization of natural fiber surfaces and natural fiber composites," Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing 39(10), 1632-1637. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2008.07.007
Sutrisno, W.; Rahayu, M.; Adhika, D.R. Thermal Properties of Sago Fiber-Epoxy Composite. Fibers 2020, 8, 4. https://doi.org/10.3390/fib8010004
Supu, I.; Jaya, I. Synthesis and Compression Strength Properties of Composite Based on Sago Pulp FiberWaste. IOP Conf. Earth Environ. Sci. 2018,187, 1–6.
Mardin, H. & Wardana, I. & Pratikto, & Suprapto, Wahyono & Kamil, Kusno. (2016). Effect of Sugar Palm Fiber Surface on Interfacial Bonding with Natural Sago Matrix. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering. 2016. 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/9240416.
El-Shekeil, Y. A., Sapuan, S. M., Abdan, K., and Zainudin, E. S. (2012). "Influence of fiber content on the mechanical and thermal properties of Kenaf fiber reinforced thermoplastic polyurethane composites," Materials and Design 40, 299-303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.04.003
El-Shekeil, Y. A., Sapuan, S. M., and Algrafi, M. W. (2014). "Effect of fiber loading on mechanical and morphological properties of cocoa pod husk fibers reinforced thermoplastic polyurethane composites," Materials and Design 64, 330-333. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2014.07.034
Saba, N., Jawaid, M., Hakeem, K. R., Paridah, M. T., Khalina, A., and Alothman, O. Y. (2015( Potential of bioenergy production from industrial kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) based on Malaysian perspective," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 42, 446-459. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.10.029
Sapuan, S. M., Leenie, A., Harimi, M., and Beng, Y. K. (2006). "Mechanical properties of woven banana fibre reinforced epoxy composites," Materials and Design 27(8), 689-693. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2004.12.016
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Safinaz Binti Saad, Suhad D. Salman, Zulkiflle Leman, Munir Faraj Alkbir
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.