A COMBINED ULTRASONIC PROCEDURE TO EVALUATE DAMAGE IN CONCRETE BEAMS SUBJECTED TO STATIC LOAD

Authors

  • Sabah Fartosy Water Resources Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq Author https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5831-297X
  • Narmeen Abdalwahhab Abdalqadir Environmental Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq Author https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3898-9822
  • Haider Ali Al-Mussawy Water Resources Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq Author https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3897-3783
  • Nagham Qasim Jafar Civil Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq Author
  • Soumya Ghosh Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa Author https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4945-3516

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.28.2.5

Keywords:

Concrete Beam, frequency spectra, ultrasonic wave velocity, wave attenuation

Abstract

Concrete is utilized in a wide range of civil engineering applications specifically in infrastructure projects. In general, as with any construction material, it may be subjected to deterioration over time because of various reasons such as excessive loading and so on. In this research, two reinforced concrete beams on a large scale (length 2400 mm, depth 350 mm, and width 250 mm) are cast and tested under static load using the ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV) technique consisting of three pairs of transducers (54 kHz, 150 kHz, and 250 kHz). During the loading, the signals are sent and captured through the used transducers at selected loading steps. Two new proposed procedures based on signal peaks in time and frequency domains are used to monitor the crack progress induced in concrete beams under concentrated load. The findings of this study revealed the suitability of the proposed two approaches to detect the propagation of cracks to evaluate damage induced in concrete beams.

Author Biographies

  • Narmeen Abdalwahhab Abdalqadir , Environmental Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq

    Narmeen is lecturer in Department of Environmental Engineering , College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University

  • Haider Ali Al-Mussawy , Water Resources Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq

    Dr. Haider Ali Al-Mussawy  is Associate Professor in Department of Water Resources Engineering, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah Universit

  • Nagham Qasim Jafar, Civil Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq

    Nagham is a lab engineer in the department of Civil engineering, college of engineering, Mustansiriyah university

  • Soumya Ghosh , Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa

    Soumya Ghosh is a Professor in University of the Free State, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences

References

Hong, H. P. (2000). Assessment of reliability of aging reinforced concrete structures. Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 126, Issue 12, pp. 1458-1465.

https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2000)126:12(1458)

Yu, X. H., Qian, K., Lu, D. G., and Li, B. (2017). Progressive collapse behavior of aging reinforced concrete structures considering corrosion effects. Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, Vol. 31, Issue 4, pp: 04017009.

https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CF.1943-5509.0001001.

Klemczak, B., Batog, M., Pilch, M., and Żmij, A. (2017). Analysis of cracking risk in early-age mass concrete with different aggregate types. Procedia engineering, Vol.193, pp: 234-241.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.06.209.

Hariri-Ardebili, M. A., Sanchez, L., and Rezakhani, R. (2020). Aging of concrete structures and infrastructures: causes, consequences, and cures (C3). Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 2020, pp.1-3.

https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/9370591.

Shen, D., Liu, C., Wen, C., Kang, J., Li, M., and Jiang, H. (2023). Restrained cracking failure behavior of concrete containing MgO compound expansive agent under adiabatic condition at an early age. Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol.135, pp:104825.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2022.104825.

Adel Saeed, M., and Sabah Ahmed Al Amli, A.(2023). Structural Behavior of Geopolymer Reinforced Concrete Beams: A Short Review. Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Vol. 27, Issue 1, pp. 80–94.

https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.27.1.7.

T. Abduljabar, H., and Fadhil Abbas, R. (2022). Shear Behavior of Fibrous Reinforced Concrete Wide Beams. Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Vol. 26, Issue 2, pp.77–93.

https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.26.2.8.

Ribeiro Filho, S. L. M., Thomas, C., Durão, L. M. P., Christoforo, A. L., Bowen, C., Scarpa, F., and Panzera, T. H. (2023). Ultrasonic pulse velocity and physical properties of hybrid composites: A statistical approach. Hybrid Advances, Vol. 2, pp:100024.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hybadv.2023.100024.

Carino N, J. (1993). Nondestructive testing of concrete: history and challenges, ACI SP-144: Concrete Technology: Past, Present, and Future (Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA: American Concrete Institute).

Naik T. R., Malhorta V. M., and Popovics, J. S. (2004). The Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity Method in Handbook on Nondestructive Testing of Concrete, ed V M Malhorta and N J Carino (CRC Press) p 384.

Bungey, J. H., Millard, S. G., and Grantham, M. G. (2006). Testing of Concrete in Structures. 1st ed. 1998, John Wiley & Sons. 535B. ISBN: 9780471149033.

Malhotra, V. M., and Carino, N. J. (2003). Handbook on nondestructive testing of concrete. 2nd ed. 2003, CRC Press. 584B. ISBN: 9781420040050.

Popovics, S. (2005). Effects of uneven moisture distribution on the strength of and wave velocity in concrete. Ultrasonics. Vol. 43, Issue 6, pp. 33–39.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultras.2004.09.007.

Krautkrämer, J., Krautkrämer, H (2013). Ultrasonic testing of materials. Springer Science & Business Media.

Popovics, S. (1998). Strength and Related Properties of Concrete: A Quantitative Approach. 4th ed. 2006, CRC Press. 552B. ISBN: 9781482264685.

Yim, H. J., Kwak, H., Kim, J. H. (2012). Wave attenuation measurement technique for nondestructive evaluation of concrete. Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation. Vol. 27, Issue 1, 81-94. https://doi.org/10.1080/10589759.2011.606319.

Fartosy, S., Gomez-Rodriguez, D., Cascante, G., Basu, D., Dusseault, M. B. (2020). Effects of a fracture on ultrasonic wave velocity and attenuation in a homogeneous medium. Geotechnical Testing Journal. Vol. 43, Issue 2.

https://doi.org/10.1520/GTJ20180200.

Ramaniraka, M., Rakotonarivo, S., Payan, C., Garnier, V. (2022). Effect of Interfacial Transition Zone on diffuse ultrasound in thermally damaged concrete. Cement and Concrete Research. Vol. 152, pp:106680. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2021.106680.

Komlos K, Popovics S, Nürnbergerová T, Babal B, Popovics JS. (1996) Ultrasonic pulse velocity test of concrete properties as specified in various standards. Cement and Concrete Composites. 1996 Jan 1; Vol.18, Issue 5, pp:357-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/0958-9465(96)00026-1.

Drabkin S, and Kim D. (1994). Failure monitoring of concrete specimen using frequency characteristics of ultrasonic waves. Farmington Hills, MI: American Concrete Institute, Vol. 143, Issue 1, pp. 257-274.

https://doi.org/10.14359/4321.

Ensminger, D., Bond, L. J. (2011). Ultrasonics: Fundamentals, technologies, and applications CRC Press.

Downloads

Published

2024-03-01

How to Cite

A COMBINED ULTRASONIC PROCEDURE TO EVALUATE DAMAGE IN CONCRETE BEAMS SUBJECTED TO STATIC LOAD . (2024). Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development, 28(02), 213-221. https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.28.2.5