• Thamer Essa Murad Electrical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq Author
  • Yasin Yousif Al-Aboosi Electrical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq Author



underwater acoustic channel, non-Gaussian distribution, polar code, channel coding, t-distribution


The harm that underwater noise pollution poses to aquatic ecosystems and the resources that support it are being acknowledged on a worldwide scale. Fisheries and ecotourism are only two of the important businesses that are impacted by noise pollution. Reducing underwater impact noise is a major challenge for underwater acoustic communication systems. However, the implementation of noise reduction measures (noise abatement) remains limited. Most communication systems assume that the noise is both additive and Gaussian. Underwater Acoustic Noise (UWAN) systems generally perform poorly because of the often large non-Gaussian components in intermittent noise in the ocean. This study presents an experimental model (Dolphin-EAR DE200 Series) sound channel noise underwater at Lake Diyala Hamrin, Iraq, using a hydrophone model. Low data volume, multipath propagation, low bandwidth, and higher bit error rate (BER) of received data are major issues for underwater communication systems. In this paper, the Underwater Acoustic Channel (UWAC) aspect is evaluated and an error performance term is determined from the noise in the Student's t-distribution. In addition, Signals using binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) and quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) are used to generate error power analysis.


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