A Hybrid Analysis of Brushless DC Motor


  • Estabraq Kareem A. Abbass Electrical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq Author https://orcid.org/0009-0001-8195-7888
  • Amer M. Ali Electrical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq Author https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9984-3109




Ansys Maxwell- 2D, Finite element analysis, Flux density, MATLAB/Simulink, Permanent magnet


Brushless DC (BLDC) motors and derives have gained popularity because of numerous advantages. This motor application is achievable since permanent magnet (PM) technology has advanced. It has higher efficiency, reliability, and power with less maintenance due to the absence of brushes. A higher torque-to-mass ratio and long life are two of the most attractive characteristics making it appropriate for high-performance applications. This study describes the hybrid methodology for analyzing a three-phase, four-pole, 1500 W, brushless DC (BLDC) motor with an inner rotor. PI controllers and PWM in Matlab /Simulink, and the chopped current control in Maxwell 2d ae used. BLDC motor modeled by rotation machine export (RMxprt) analytical software and analyzed with a finite element method (FEM) Maxwell 2D software to calculate motor performance, such as torque, speed, and efficiency. The FEM results were verified by comparing them with the results taken from the Matlab/Simulink program and with the aid of the RMxprt software to supply some missing data. The motor torque and efficiency results from Maxwell 2D and Matlab show good agreement. A hybrid FEM-analytical approach is successfully applied to study a BLDC motor using three software packages RMxprt, Maxwell 2D, and Matlab/Simulink despite the lack of motor test data. The RMxprt program offers missing data like stator resistance, stator inductance, and torque constant. It is provided in the design sheet to help us with motor modeling. The successful adoption of the proposed hybrid FEM-analytical methodology will provide a good starting point for future BLDC motor research work


S. Mondal, A. Mitra, D. Chowdhury, and M. Chattopadhyay, “A new approach of sensorless control methodology for achieving ideal characteristics of brushless DC motor using MATLAB/Simulink,” Feb. 2015, doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/c3it.2015.7060197.

Abdolamir Nekoubin, “Design a single-phase BLDC Motor and Finite- Element Analysis of Stator Slots Structure Effects on the Efficiency,” Zenodo (CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research), May 2011, doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1332976.

Yohanes Berchman Adyapaka Apatya, Aries Subiantoro, and Feri Yusivar, “Design and prototyping of 3-phase BLDC motor,” Jul. 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/qir.2017.8168483.

T.-Y. Lee, M.-K. Seo, Y.-J. Kim, and S.-Y. Jung, “Motor Design and Characteristics Comparison of Outer-Rotor-Type BLDC Motor and BLAC Motor Based on Numerical Analysis,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 1–6, Jun. 2016, doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/tasc.2016.2548079.

A. Kumar, R. Gandhi, R. Wilson, and R. Roy, “Analysis of Permanent Magnet BLDC Motor Design with Different Slot Type,” IEEE Xplore, Jan. 01, 2020. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9070532 (accessed Apr. 26, 2022).

M. Kamal, L. Mathew, and S. Chatterji, “Speed control of brushless DC motor using intelligent controllers,” May 2014, doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/sces.2014.6880121.

Ashish Jethwani, Dhanraj Aseri, Thakur Sumeet Singh, and Amit Kumar Jain, “A simpler approach to the modelling of Permanent Magnet Brushless DC machine in MATLAB environment,” Mar. 2016, doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/icpes.2016.7584071.

None Ping Zheng, None Jie Wang, None Ranran Liu, None Huawei Jiang, None Shumei Cui, and None Shukang Cheng, “Performance calculation of brushless DC motor,” Jan. 2005, doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/icems.2005.202561.

Agus Mujianto, M. Nizam, and None Inayati, “Comparation of the slotless brushless DC motor (BLDC) and slotted BLDC using 2D modeling,” Nov. 2014, doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/iceecs.2014.7045248.

Vipin Kumar Singh, Prof. Sanjay Marwaha, and Ashish Kumar Singh, “Design and Analysis of Permanent Magnet Brushless DC Motor for Solar Vehicle using Ansys Software,” International Journal of Engineering Research and, vol. V6, no. 04, May 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.17577/ijertv6is040795.

A. J. Pawar and A. Patil, “Design and development of 48V PMBLDC motor for radiator fan application by using ANSYS Maxwell software,” May 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/ssps.2017.8071600.

S. Thirunavukkarasu and C. Nagarajan, “Performance Analysis of BLDC Motor Drive for Feed Drives,” Mar. 2018, doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/icedss.2018.8544325.

P. Kumar, Ranjan Kumar Behera, and Devara Vijaya Bhaskar, “Novel closed loop speed control of permanent magnet brushless DC motor drive,” Mar. 2018, doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/icsesp.2018.8376725.

Muhammed Mustafa Kelek, İbrahim Çelik, Uğur Fidan, and Yüksel Oğuz, “The Simulation Of Mathametical Model Of Outer Rotor Bldc Motor,” Jul. 2019, doi: https://doi.org/10.36287/setsci.4.6.106.

A. Kumar, R. Gandhi, R. Wilson, and R. Roy, “Analysis of Permanent Magnet BLDC Motor Design with Different Slot Type,” IEEE Xplore, Jan. 01, 2020. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9070532

A. J. Kazem and A. M. Ali, “Finite Element Analysis Of Shaded Pole Motor Based On Maxwell2d,” Journal of engineering and sustainable development, vol. 25, no. Special, pp. 1–220, Sep. 2021, doi: https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.conf.2.1.25.

S. K. Chawrasia, C. Kumar Chanda and S. Banerjee, "Design and Analysis of In-Wheel Motor for an Electric Vehicle," 2020 IEEE Calcutta Conference, Kolkata, India, 2020, pp. 351-355, doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/CALCON49167.2020.9106538

S. B. Shah, B. Silwal, and A. Lehikoinen, “Efficiency of an Electrical Machine in Electric Vehicle Application,” Journal of the Institute of Engineering, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 20–29, Mar. 2016, doi: https://doi.org/10.3126/jie.v11i1.14692

A. Usman, B. M. Joshi, and Bharat Singh Rajpurohit, “A review of modeling, analysis and control methods of Brushless DCMotors,” 2016 International Conference on Computation of Power, Energy Information and Communication (ICCPEIC), Apr. 2016, doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/iccpeic.2016.7557254

H. S. Hameed, “Brushless DC motor controller design using MATLAB applications,” Jan. 2018, doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/isces.2018.8340526.


Key Dates







Published Online First




How to Cite

A Hybrid Analysis of Brushless DC Motor. (2024). Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development, 28(4), 499-506. https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.28.4.9

Similar Articles

1-10 of 566

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.