• Ali Dhafer Abed Water Resources Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiryah University, Baghdad 10052, Iraq Author
  • Md Azlin Md Said Water Resources Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia Author



River Simulation, liquefaction station, Tigris river, water level, gated weirs


Due to the flow’s lack from Turkey and Iran, the Tigris River has recently been suffering from a decrease in water elevations and the emergence of dry areas in some parts of the river.   This drought impacts the water levels needed by the liquefaction station and agricultural area, making it a research problem. Therefore, the Tigris River needs to find an effective technical means to increase its water level to a level that does not cause dry areas to appear in any part of the river and does not lead to water flooding in neighboring areas, to be considered a research objective. The research followed the simulation methodology, in which a hydraulic model was built to simulate the river's water levels to detect critical levels. Another hydraulic model was designed and gated weirs were proposed that increased the water level to reach the required levels. The most important finding is that the design of a weir with dimensions of 10 * 3 m of the gated Inline type and in the shape of the Ogee Spillway Crest downstream of the river can contribute to raising the water level in times of scarcity by 1.92 m from its original level. In times of flood, the design of a 5-gate weir of dimensions of 10 * 4 m will maintain a water level between 26.8- 35.2 m along the course of the river and will contribute to raising the water level by 2.23 m from its original level in the estuary.


P. A. Modi, J. A. Czuba, and Z. M. Easton, “Coupling a land surface model with a hydrodynamic model for regional flood risk assessment due to climate change: Application to the Susquehanna River near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania,” J Flood Risk Manag, vol. 15, no. 1, p. e12763, Mar. 2022,

H. Albo-Salih, L. W. Mays, and D. Che, “Application of an Optimization/Simulation Model for the Real-Time Flood Operation of River-Reservoir Systems with One- and Two-Dimensional Unsteady Flow Modeling,” Water 2022, Vol. 14, Page 87, vol. 14, no. 1, p. 87, Jan. 2022,

N. Ongdas, F. Akiyanova, Y. Karakulov, A. Muratbayeva, and N. Zinabdin, “Application of hec-ras (2d) for flood hazard maps generation for yesil (ishim) river in kazakhstan,” Water (Switzerland), vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 1–20, Oct. 2020,

A. D. Abed, S. A. Al-Chalabi, and M. M. Al-Bakri, “Building HEC-RAS model to detect the areas of Water Cycle Interruption in river stream and their sections,” IOP Conf Ser Mater Sci Eng, vol. 737, no. 1, p. 012222, Feb. 2020,

A. D. Abed and Areej A. W., “The possibility of applying blue energy in Iraq (rivers of Basra as a case study),”, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 519–529, Aug. 2019,

A. D. Abed, “Developmental Potentiality Activation for Shatt Al-Arab Rivers System Using Simulation Model,” University of Baghdad, Baghdad, 2018.

“Hydrological Characteristics of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.” (accessed Jun. 10, 2022).

B. I. Asaad and B. Sh. Abed, “Flow Characteristics Of Tigris River Within Baghdad City During Drought,” Journal of Engineering, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 77–92, Mar. 2020,

I. A. A. Razzak, A. H. Sulaymon, A. Jabbar, and R. Al-Zoubaidy, “MODELING THE DISTRIBUTION OF (BOD) AND (TDS) IN PART OF TIGRIS RIVER WITHIN BAGHDAD,” Journal of Engineering, vol. 15, 2009.

X. Wu et al., “Two-stage water resources allocation negotiation model for transboundary rivers under scarcity,” Front Environ Sci, vol. 10, Aug. 2022,

L. Forti, G. S. Mariani, F. Brandolini, A. Pezzotta, and A. Zerboni, “Declassified intelligence satellite imagery as a tool to reconstruct past landforms and surface processes: The submerged riverscape of the Tigris River below the Mosul Dam Lake, Iraq,” Earth Surf Process Landf, vol. 47, no. 10, pp. 2483–2499, Aug. 2022,

A. A. K. Alabbas and A. Abed, “The Effect of Changing River Nutrients on Changing Marshes in Southern Iraq: Central Marshlands /a Model,” International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 1123–1131, Jul. 2022,

S. P. Hier, “Contemporary Sociological Thought: Themes and Theories.”

M. Varol, E. Kaçar, and M. R. Sünbül, “Toxic and essential elements in selected fish species from the Tigris River (Turkey) and assessment of their health risks and benefits,” Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, vol. 113, Oct. 2022,


Key Dates



How to Cite

BUILDING A HYDRAULIC MODEL TO RAISE THE LEVEL OF THE TIGRIS RIVER IN THE SCARCITY PERIOD. (2022). Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development, 26(6), 13-22.

Similar Articles

1-10 of 505

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.