# FINITE-ELEMENT CALCULATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FORCES IN THE DEFERENT SHAPES OF DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS WINDING UNDER SHORT CIRCUIT CONDITION

## Authors

• Weeam J. Hussein Electrical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq
• Kassim R. Hameed Electrical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq

## Keywords:

2D models, short circuit forces, distribution transformers, finite element

## Abstract

This paper is concerned with calculating the electromagnetic forces in the windings of distribution transformers with different shapes of coils. The electromagnetic forces as well as the magnetic flux density and their distribution were analyzed and calculated using Finite Element Method (FEM). The Finite Element models of the distribution transformers with non-linear magnetic characteristics for the iron core are built using FEM software "ANSYS". In this paper, the static analysis method is based on two-dimensional models, and these models have been solved by using the formula for the magnetic vector voltage (A). Three types of three-phase distribution transformers were adopted, each with a capacity of 250 kVA and a voltage ratio is 11/0.416 kV. These types of transformers with different shapes of coils are stack core transformer with oval coil, wound core transformer with rectangular coil, and stack core transformer with cylindrical coil. The results obtained from the FEM analysis agreed with the design calculations which depend on the conventional design formulas. The most important contributions of this study are to building two-dimensional models for different types of distribution transformers. Calculating electromagnetic forces in transformers winding during short circuit conditions in different coil shapes. Studding the effect of the shape of the coils on the calculation of the electromagnetic forces in them. This work can save time, effort, and cost for transformer manufacturers in calculating the electromagnetic forces, also using this model for the virtual test leads to avoid the risk, and efforts spent to do the real short-circuit test.

2022-05-01

## How to Cite

J. Hussein, W., & R. Hameed, K. . (2022). FINITE-ELEMENT CALCULATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FORCES IN THE DEFERENT SHAPES OF DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS WINDING UNDER SHORT CIRCUIT CONDITION. Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development, 26(3), 44–61. https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.26.3.6

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