INVESTIGATION OF FRICTION PRESSURE EFFECT ON WELDING QUALITY IN FRICTION STUD WELDING PROCESS
Keywords:Friction stud welding, welding quality, friction pressure, dissimilar welding, AISI304, AISI1017
The influence of friction pressure on welding quality when friction stud welding 1017 low carbon steel with AISI 304 austenitic stainless steel is investigated in this study. friction stud welding is employed in industrial applications instead of conventional welding processes Due to the friction welding process didn't need to reach the melting point of welded metals. Welding is performed on these dissimilar metals by utilizing a lathe machine with a load cell connected to a weight indicator and a manufacturing grip to fasten the plate at a rotating speed of 1600 RPM, a friction time of 20 seconds, and a friction pressure of (15, 20, and 25) MPa. After the welding procedure is completed, the specimens are subjected to tensile, torque, and hardness tests to evaluate the welding quality. In addition, optical microscope research was carried out to determine the microstructural aspects. The effect of friction pressure on welding quality was investigated based on the information generated from the results. The increase of friction pressure during the process from 15 MPa to 25 MPa leads to an increasing ultimate tensile strength from 203 MPa to 210 MPa approximately. Also, the torque values raised from 179 N.m to 198 N.m in the same case.
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