A Review of Biogas Production from Small-Scale Anaerobic Digestion Plants


  • Raghad Maher Wadi Environmental Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq Author
  • Sroor Atallah Khalifa Environmental Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq Author https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3388-141X




Acetogenesis, Acidogenic, Anaerobic, Biogas, Digestion, Hydrolysis


One of the most serious problems facing the whole world today is global warming. Their lease of greenhouse gases is exacerbating the effects of global warming. Reduced greenhouse gas emissions and searching for alternative energy sources are becoming increasingly crucial. This study aims to review that one of the effective methods for lowering greenhouse gas emissions is the creation of biogas from agricultural waste using anaerobic digester plants. A lab-scale 5-liter batch fermenter was incubated at room temperature, specifically mesophilic (35°C). Biogas is a clean, reasonably priced, and sustainable energy source produced by the anaerobic fermentation of waste and organic waste. Mixing sludge and waste to react with each other during biogas production is essential. Factors affecting biogas, such as loading rate, retention time, operating ambient temperature, pH, mixing, etc., are also discussed. Asia is a region where the generation of this form of renewable energy is widespread, particularly in nations like China and India. The generation of biogas never has any adverse environmental effects, but it also yields environmentally safe byproducts. Agricultural waste is a large and anthropogenic source of methane in the atmosphere. It can be converted into nutrient-rich fertilizer. Agricultural waste, food waste, animal or human manure, and other organic waste are all converted into energy (in the form of biogas or electricity) using anaerobic digesters. Another advantage of biological fermentation is that it leaves behind a high-quality organic fertilizer


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A Review of Biogas Production from Small-Scale Anaerobic Digestion Plants. (2024). Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development, 28(4), 507-521. https://doi.org/10.31272/jeasd.28.4.10