• Khuder N. Abed Mechanical Engineering Department, Diyala University, Baqubah City, Diyala, Iraq
  • Iman M. Naemah Mechanical Engineering Department, Diyala University, Baqubah City, Diyala, Iraq
  • Saad T. Faris Mechanical Engineering Department, Diyala University, Baqubah City, Diyala, Iraq



Clutch, coefficient of friction, hardness, wear, pin-on-disc


This study explains the design of a single-plate clutch using experimental measurements. The ratios of materials used to make the samples were 34g of Kevlar fiber (aramid 49 type), 150g of epoxy-type Sikadur-52, 10g of iron powder, and 10g of graphite powder. The three different sample types were made as laminates and cut using water cutter machinery according to the ASTM standard for each test. The following procedures were taken: The prepared mold was created first. Epoxy and the hardener were mixed in a 2:1 ratio. After that, the mixture was stirred well for a sufficient period of time. Then a quantity of the epoxy mixture was placed in the mold, and Kevlar fibers were placed in layers. The following ratios were used to create three samples: Sample 1 (34 g of Kevlar fiber, 150 g of epoxy), Sample 2 (34 g of Kevlar fiber, 150 g of epoxy, 10 g Fe), and Sample 3: Kevlar fiber (34 g), graphite (10 g), epoxy (150 g), and iron (10 g). The following facts have been found: When Kevlar fiber (aramid 49 type) was used at a weight of 34g for all samples, the best performance was achieved by hybrid composite sample3, which has the highest values (modulus of elasticity and higher wear resistance) in comparison to the other two composite samples (sample2 and sample1). In comparison to composite sample 1, the hybrid composite samples 2, and 3 have the highest value. (Tests for hardness).


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Submission Dates

Received 25/8/2022

Accepted 18/10/2022

Published 1/5/2023

How to Cite

N. Abed, K., M. Naemah, I. ., & T. Faris, S. . (2023). ALLOCATION OF HYBRID COMPOSITE MATERIALS IN FRICTION DISC CLUTCHES. Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development, 27(3), 350–362.