A COMPARATIVE STUDY ABOUT LITHIUM BROMIDE-WATER AND LITHIUM CHLORIDE-WATER SOLUTIONS IN PUMPLESS ABSORPTION SOLAR COOLING SYSTEMS IN IRAQI CIRCUMSTANCES
A comparative study between two solutions which they usually work as a working pairs in pumpless absorption cooling system is achieved analytically with aid of ESS (Engineering Equation Solver) 9.43 software. The pump in this system is replaced by a vertical pipe (lift tube) to ensure the pressure difference between the condenser and the evaporator. These working pairs are Lithium Bromide-Water and Lithium Chloride-Water. The study intends Iraqi summer weather as an ambient circumstances. A thermodynamics model is designed to find the energy and Energy loss in each of system components. By solving the thermodynamic model, and assuming the same generator, absorber, condenser and evaporator temperatures in each case. It’s found that the system coefficient of performance is relatively the same while the probability of agglomeration in case of Lithium Bromide-Water system is higher because of the large salt concentration. It’s concluded that the Lithium Chloride-Water is most suitable in Iraqi circumstances in spite of high values of total energy loss which is obtained in case of Lithium Chloride-Water system if it is compared with the energy loss value in case of Lithium Bromide-Water system.
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